In Memory of
Army Pfc.
James B. Campbell
Aurora County
White Lake, South Dakota
January 24, 1917 – January 9, 1945
Killed as POW of Japanese aboard the Enoura Maru in Takao Harbor, Formosa

James B. Campbell

James B. Campbell was born on January 24, 1917, at Fort Lincoln, Mandan, North Dakota. At some point, his mother, Mrs. Anton (Mary Ann) Steffes, and he moved to White Late, Aurora County, South Dakota.

James had enlisted in the Regular Army on September 25, 1936, at Fort Lawton, Washington, and entered active duty on the same date. Pfc. Campbell left for overseas duty on April 22, 1941. He was a member of Detachment, Medical Department, Fort Mills, Philippine Islands and was taken captive by the Japanese during the fall of the Philippines. Pfc. Campbell was a prisoner of the Japanese for three and a half years before he was taken aboard the Enoura Maru, a “hell ship,” so named for the atrocious conditions, at Lingayen Gulf. On January 1, 1945, the ship arrived in Takao Harbor in Formosa. The POWs aboard, numbering some 1600, were left on the ship in the Harbor for days.

As an unmarked freighter, the Enoura Maru was a target for allied bombing attacks. Along with about 500 other POWs, Pfc. James Campbell lost his life on January 9, 1945, when the freighter was bombed by US Navy aircraft.

James B. Campbell is listed on the Tablets of the Missing at Manila American Cemetery, Manila Philippines. He was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart.

This entry was respectfully submitted by Sheila Hansen, state coordinator, Fallen Sons, Spearfish, SD. Information for this entry was provided by a newspaper clipping, an application for a SD veteran’s bonus, and by http://harrisonheritage.com/adbc/hellship.htm.